How the Cubs Will Find Places for Javier Baez to Play in 2017

When Javy Baez exploded into the national consciousness in the 2016 MLB playoffs, many Cubs fans chuckled. We had blissfully marinated in Baez’s sensational defensive play for the better parts of 2014, 2015, and 2016.

My favorite play? When Baez deked the Dodgers’ baserunners by letting the soft liner drop in front of him for a double play:

Instead of being a marvel of athleticism, it was a marvel of awareness. As my wife said after the wink Baez gave to the camera that followed: “I am now pregnant.”

Me too. Me too.

It turned out that Baez’s play in the NLDS and NLCS was something of a supernova, an enormous yet unsustainable flash. And Baez’s offensive performance in World Series looked more like a black hole. Baez flailed at a lot of breaking pitches as the Indians pitchers mercilessly exposed his penchant for mistaking sliders for fastballs, like this:

Because the Cubs won, a lot of people have blissfully forgotten that overswinging is Baez’s biggest weakness as a player, as demonstrated by Baez’s struggles in the World Series. Now, with Spring Training just a month away, some folks in the local and national media are calling for Javy to take over second base from Ben Zobrist on a full-time basis, or to be traded to the Dodgers.

Either of those moves, my friends, would be a mistake.

Baez, not Zobrist, Should Be the Cubs’ Super-Utility Player

Comparing Baez and Zobrist is fun because at first, in some ways, they look like very similar players, then when you open up the kimono with more efficient stats you see they are dramatically different.

Their raw numbers from 2016 appear somewhat comparable given Zobrist had 100 more ABs than Baez:


Baez 421 .273 14 59 19 13
Zobrist 523 .272 18 76 31 6


But taking a deeper look shows two very, very different offensive players:


BB% K% O-Zone% Swinging Strike % ISO VORP WARP
Baez 3.3% 24.0% 42.9% 14.4% .174 20.2 2.5
Zobrist 15.2% 13.0% 20.5% 4.1% .150 49.2 4.1


These numbers suggest that Baez is essentially an average to below-average offensive player, while Zobrist is perhaps one of the top-30 offensive players in baseball. Zobrist is perhaps the perfect juxaposition vis a vis Baez: his is value derived in large part due to his pitch selection and making tons of contact, while Baez swings at 42.9% of pitches thrown outside of the strike zone and misses a lot of them. The Cubs simply cannot take Zobrist’s bat out of the lineup.

On the flip side of the diamond, Baez is one of the best infield defenders in baseball at all three “hard” infield positions, while Zobrist emerged as a liability in 2016 at second base as well as in the outfield. Overall, Baez accumulated fielding runs above average (FRAA) of 3.8 in 2016, while Zobrist was a net negative at -9.4. Using UZR/150 from Fangraphs, we can break down how effective each of Zobrist and Baez were at the various positions they played in 2016, normalized for an average number of chances over the course of a season:

UZR150 Baez & Zobrist

Incredibly, Baez played three infield positions (2B, SS, and 3B) at or very near-Gold Glove level (again based on Fangraph’s UZR/150):

UZR150 Baez vs Gold Glovers

Now I ask you: Between Baez and Zobrist, which player would you pick for a utility role in which he plays a different defensive position every day? Clearly, it’s Baez.

This does not mean we have to reduce Javy’s playing time: I want him in the field every inning of every game for his defensive wizardry, which saves the Cubs’ pitchers many runs, and gave us fans many gasps of joy, in 2016.

So how do we get Baez’s glove in the field, and, as a by-product, his bat in the lineup?

How to get Baez 500 PAs in 2017

Getting Baez 500 plate appearances in 2017 might not seem like a great feat; he got 450 PAs in 2016.

The big difference this year? Bam Bam is back.

That’s right: Joe Maddon and the rest of Cubs Nation want Kyle Schwarber in the batter order, and he will do the least defensive damage in left field (his aspirations behind the plate notwithstanding). This significantly limits the flexibility Maddon enjoyed in 2016 to get Baez into the lineup.

So let’s figure out how we get there. First, here are four assumptions I used in this analysis:

  • Baez will hit in the seven spot in the order when he starts. He generally hit in the 6-8 spots in 2016, so I used the middle of those three spots, a similar spot to where I expect Baez to bat in 2017. On average, the seven spot in the order gets approximately 650 plate appearances per season, or 4.012 PAs per game. That’s based on league average, so this is a conservative estimate as Baez may get more PAs being in the Cubs strong lineup.
  • Baez will receive, on average, 1.046 PAs when he enters a game as a defensive replacement. This is the number of PAs he averaged as a defensive replacement in the 2016 season.
  • The MLB regular season is roughly 27 weeks, with 6 games each week, adding up to 162 games for the regular season. I guess that’s not really an assumption, but I broke things down on a weekly basis below.

Maddon has expressed his desire to give his players numerous rest days throughout the season, and his track record in 2016 showed that he follows through on this desire with both position players and starting pitchers. With the Cubs making a long postseason run in 2016 and expecting another long run in 2017, I expect Maddon to continue giving guys rest days throughout the season.

Here’s how four Cubs’ player’s rest days will get Baez in the lineup:

  • Ben Zobrist: Replacing Zobrist at 2B with Baez one day each week is the easiest way to get Baez in the lineup as a starter. Zobrist is no spring chicken at 35 years old, so giving him a day off each week will help keep him fresh/healthy.
  • Kyle Schwarber: Replacing Bam Bam in left field with Zobrist (and Baez at 2B) to give him a rest day and/or a break against tough lefty starters is a fairly easy decision. Zobrist played a slightly below-average left field in 2016, so the Cubs will not suffer much with him in left from a defensive perspective as compared to Schwarber.
  • Addison Russell: Assuming Russell will sit once a week might be a bit of a stretch, but it’s not impossible. He played in 151 games in 2016, and Maddon could give him a few more off days this season. Baez and Russell are both excellent defenders at SS, and have provided comparable offensive contributions to date, with a slight edge to Russell (2.5 vs. 3.9 BWARP, respectively, in 2016), so call it a wash for the Cubs with either Baez or Russell at SS.
  • Kris Bryant: Resting Bryant and subbing Baez at 3B hurts the most. In general, I would advise the Cubs to play arguably the best offensive player in baseball as much as possible. Another permutation of Baez playing 3B is to put Bryant at one of the corner OF positions, perhaps against lefty starters when Heyward and/or Schwarber may get a day off. Between Bryant (a) resting and (b) playing the outfield, I’m going out on a limb here to say that Baez could start at 3B 27 times in 2017.

Assuming all that happens, the Cubs can get Baez in the lineup four days a week as a starter. At 4.012 PAs in each of those starts, Baez is up to 433 PAs. That’s close, but not all the way to 500 PAs.

To get the rest of the way, we need to factor in the PAs Baez will accumulate as a defensive replacement, which I assume happens twice a week, adding an additional 56 PAs (assuming 1.046 PAs per game).

Adding up this PAs as a starter (433) and a defensive replacement (56), we can get Baez 489 PAs in 2017. That’s close enough for government work.

I’ll admit to a couple reaches in the rest days above, in particular with respect to Russell and Bryant. Fine. If those two get a day off every other week, instead of every week, and Baez comes in as a defensive replacement on those non-rest days, Baez would lose only 50 PAs, dropping down to 441 PAs for the season.

In the end, Baez is a phenomenal defender who the Cubs should want in the field as much as possible. Hopefully his bat catches up even partially with his defense—he certainly has all the physical tools. Thanks to the front office assembling a roster full of versatile players and Maddon’s creativity, Cub fans got to watch Baez pretty much every day in 2016.

Based on the analysis above, there’s every reason to believe that will continue in 2017.

Lead photo courtesy Tommy Gilligan—USA Today Sports

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3 comments on “How the Cubs Will Find Places for Javier Baez to Play in 2017”

Brad Phillips

And that assumes complete health for all players. There will be at least some 15-day DL stints, which will give Baez more playing time regardless of who is on the DL because of how guys move around. Also, if Schwarber catches, Zobrist in LF, Baez at 2B for like 10 starts. Also, Heyward in CF for a few games with Zobrist in RF, Baez at 2B.

Totally agree re DL stints and other lineup permutations you’ve identified above.


Everything right on, Dan, but one glaring part of the analysis is missing: the debate in Joe’s mind may be framed “Javy or Zobrist”, but that is a huge mistake if he sees it that way. The prob in all this is the completely head-scratching pickup of Jon Jay–let alone for $8 MM (starter money).

Every single inning that Jay plays this year will be a theft from–you name it–Almora obviously, but also one of either Baez, Zo, Schwarbs, even Contreras.

Assuming no Jay, it could have been assumed that Almora, not Baez, would be given a shot, but if he struggled or a tough RHP was facing us, Heyward could slide over to CF–where he’d be doubly valuable, covering up for shortcomings in LF and RF–as opposed to none in CF. In that way, even counting 40 times when Heyward plays CF adds to your Baez analysis; each game in CF equals another in RF for Zobrist or Bryant, and additional games at 2B and 3B for Javy.

I hope to God someone who can impact Joe (only Joe) has figured this out.

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